OTHER INTERESTING INFORMATION
SAINTS AND BLESSEDS
MAJORCANS VENERATED IN THE CATHEDRAL
Beato Ramon Llull (+1316), on the main façade, in the Chapels of Saint Sebastian and the Immaculate Conception
Santa Catalina Tomàs (+1574) on the main façade, in the Chapel of Saint Sebastian and in Gaudí’s Regina Virginum in the Royal Chapel
San Alonso Rodríguez (+1617) in the Chapel of Saint Sebastian
San Junípero Serra (+1784) in the Chapel of Saint Sebastian and in the Regina Sanctorum Omnium window in the Royal Chapel
THE TREE OF THE SAINTS AND BLESSEDS OF MAJORCA
MOST RECENTLY BURIED DIOCESAN BISHOPS
Pere-Joan Campins Barceló, in the Royal Chapel
Gabriel Llompart Jaume, in the central nave
Josep Miralles Sbert, in the Chapel of the Holy Eucharist
Jesús Enciso Viana, in the Chapel of the Holy Eucharist
Teodor Úbeda Gramage, in the Chapel of the Holy Eucharist
Jaume II, king of Majorca
Jaume III, king of Majorca
Pere I d’Urgell, prince, best known as Peter of Portugal
Pagà de Mallorca, illegitimate brother of James III
Esclarmunda de Mallorca, daughter of Prince Sancho of Majorca
Antoni de Galiana, first Majorcan to hold the bishopric of Majorca
Berenguer Batle, bishop
Guillem de Vilanova, bishop
Ramon de Torrella, first bishop of the diocese
Gil Sánchez-Muñoz, bishop
Arnau de Marí olim de Santacília, bishop
Reinaldo Mir, canon
Ponç de Vilardida, holder of an ecclesiastical benefice
Joan Font, alias Roig, hebdomadario (priest who celebrates divine offices)
Arnau Sa Torre, dean
Arnau Desmur, jurist
Beatriu de Pinós, widow of the chamberlain to the constable Peter of Portugal
Pere-Joan Llobet, scholar of Ramon Llull
Marquès de la Romana
|Trinity Chapel||9,43 m||5,70 m||13,40 m|
|Royal Chapel||24,45 m||15,87 m||28,30 m|
|Nave||75,52 m||19,40 m||43,74 m|
|Aisle||75,52 m||10,03 m||30,17 m|
|Apse Chapels||110,32 m||10,03 m||16,35 m|
|Aisle Chapels||6,70 m||7,65 m||16,35 m|
|It ocuppies an area of around:||6.600 m2|
|The roof measures:||4,250 m2|
|Total length:||109,40 m|
|Total width:||39,45 m|
|Height of the central nave:||43,95m|
|Height of the aisles:||29,49 m|
|Height of the columns:||21,47 m|
|Thickness of the columns:||1,49 -1,67 m|
DID YOU KNOW…?
The cathedral is a basilica. Bishop Campins requested the title, and it was granted by Pope Saint Pius X.
The two basilican insignia designed by Gaudí are the umbraculum (of conical shape similar to an umbrella with alternating red and gold coloured bands) and the tintinnabulum (a bell that announces the arrival of the procession with the clergy of the basilica)
All of the bells have a name. From the biggest to the smallest: N’Eloi, Na Bàrbara, N’Antònia, Sa Nova, Na Mitja, Na Tèrcia, Na Matines, Na Prima and Na Picarol.
The N’Eloi weights bell 45 “quintars”, around 4,500 kilogrammes.
A popular legend relates the construction to a powerful storm that lashed the Catalan ships as they were on their way to the conquest of Majorca; King James I promised Mary a church if they were saved.
The mosque that King James and his army found was adapted for the new Christian worship, and when construction of the new Cathedral reached the level of the side portal, the mosque was demolished (1386).
In 1601 the building was completed and consecrated by Bishop Vic i Manrique.
During the middle of the 14th century it appears that a decision to change the construction plan was made, hence the lack of connection between the apse and the nave of the Cathedral.
The earthquake of 1851 damaged the main façade, and Juan Bautista Peyronnet built the neo-Gothic style pediment, blocking off the two lateral rose windows.
In 1931, the building was declared a National Historical Monument.
Building work started with the Trinity Chapel.
In a will by James I, dated 1306, the monarch ordered the construction of a chapel for his burial (The Royal Chapel).
The Royal Chapel is currently used as a chancel.
The Trinity Chapel, located at a height of around 7 m, is the Royal mausoleum.
The longest façade is that of the Mirador, facing south.
The bell tower is situated on a diverging axis from the nave.
There are two chapter houses; the older one, probably by Guillen Sagrera, is Gothic with a trapezoidal plan and was finished in 1433, the Baroque one, probably by Francisco Herrera has an elliptical plan and was finished in 1701.
There are 7 rose windows and 83 windows. The ribs of the main rose window form the Star of David.
A painting in the Museum depicts Saint Vincent Ferrer’s first sermon in the Cathedral.
The Cathedral was built in sandstone from the quarries of Llucmajor (Galdent and Puigderrós), Felanitx, Portals Vells, Campos (Font Santa), Palma (Coll d’en Rabassa, Sa Teulera, Bellver and Son Puigdorfila) and, in particular, Santanyí.
The old baroque main altarpiece, after Gaudí’s refurbishment, was moved to Palma’s Church of la Inmaculada Concepción (Sant Magín). Part of the old Gothic main altarpiece is currently located above the Mirador Portal.
The large silver candelabra, currently in the Museum, were created using the casting, carving and embossing methods by the silversmith Joan Matons, between 1704 and 1718.
The organ has four manual keyboards of 56 notes each and a 30-note pedal.
On two days every year at around nine o’clock in the morning, the light from the main rose window, located above the start of the sanctuary, shines onto the rose window in the main façade: these days are 11 November, the festival of Saint Martin, and 2 February, Candlemas.